Stare + gerundio
This construction is used very frequently in Italian. We use it to indicate an action that takes place in this precise moment, at the time we are speaking.
The gerund is used with the present tense of verb stare (to be/to stay)
Take a look at these examples:
Simonetta sta lavorando. – Simonetta is working
Matteo sta leggendo. – Matt is reading
I bambini stanno giocando. – The children are playing
Sto facendo la fila – I’m queuing up
We form this construction using the verb ‘stare’ with the ‘gerundio’ of the verb:
The following three verbs are the only irregular ones:
As mentioned before, we use this construction to talk about something happening now, in this exact moment. See these further examples:
Sto aspettando il mio treno. I’m waiting for my train.
Antonio sta giocando a carte. Anthony is playing cards.
Rita sta mangiando un gelato. Rita is eating an ice cream.
Stiamo bevendo un caffe’ al bar. Vuoi raggiungerci?
We’re drinking an caffe’ at the Bar. Do you want to join us?